Skip to main content

LEACH protocol installation in ns2 (ns-2.35)

This post shows you the method to install the LEACH protocol developed by MIT called MIT-uAMPS which was developed in the year 2000. So you may face some problem in installing this protocol in recent Operating Systems.

I have tried to compile this protocol in ns-2.35 which was running under Ubuntu 14.04 64 bit OS
Here is the requirement before you proceed to install.
Assumptions:
Assuming that you have successfully installed ns-2.35 before you start compiling LEACH. If you need any help in installing ns2, refer this post. http://www.nsnam.com/2014/11/ns2-installation-in-ubuntu-1404.html

  • Install gcc-4.4 and g++-4.4 for compiling this LEACH (but the recommended is gcc-4.3 but it is not there in the synaptic package manager)
  • To install the above, first you tries these packages
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev gcc-4.4 g++-4.4

Please see the video for more instructions 




Installation of LEACH in ns-2.35 

From the downloaded files , copy both the leach-setup.sh and the ns-leach-2.35.tar.gz in the same folder. Open the terminal and run as shown below.

$] sh leach-setup.sh
After the above step, all files will be unzipped and copied to their locations and now an 

Important Step

The following four files contains some path information about other files, these path information have to be updated in these files. Also these four files are located at two different locations. 
Location1: /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35/mit/uAMPS/ 
Location2: /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35/tcl/mobility/ 
Change the paths as mentioned in the video and replace the files at both the location with the updated path information.  
leach.tcl
leach-c.tcl
mte.tcl
stat-clus.tcl 

To test LEACH Protocol

To test leach protocol, go to this folder
$] cd ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35/
$] ./leach_test

once done, go to the folder
$] cd mit/leach_sims/
LEACH
Leach Protocol

open the files leach.out or anything with the name leach.* (these data are relevant to LEACH), if you want to run leach-c, change the line alg=leach-c in the file leach_test  

Thats it!!!!! 

I have given the elaborate information on LEACH, for any doubts, refer http://www.nsnam.com,

Please comment below, if you got any further inputs or updates. 
Thanks to http://anupamasikchi.blogspot.in/ (for information related to LEACH, all the particulars given in this link is reflected in my code).

T S Pradeep Kumar

Comments

  1. sir I have found a problem during running of leach "./leach_test: line 37: ns: command not found"

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You need to watch the video carefully and set the environment variables
      PATH
      LD_LIBRARY_PATH
      TCL_LIBRARY

      Delete
  2. hi how to create nam file for leach protocol

    ReplyDelete
  3. Sir, I am unable to install gcc-4.4
    It says, Package gcc-4.4 is not available, but is referred to by another package.
    This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
    is only available from another source

    Package g++-4.4 is not available, but is referred to by another package.
    This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
    is only available from another source


    So, what is the alternative for this
    ?

    ReplyDelete
  4. And now, I had to reinstall ns2. Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi sir, please how to create nam file for leach protocol

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi sir, please how to create nam file for leach protocol

    ReplyDelete
  7. hello doctor, can you help me please where to find or any other idea about Energy Efficient Clustering Scheme(EECS)?

    ReplyDelete
  8. Sir, while installation of LEACH protocol, I was unable to copy paste the shell file and then I had to do that manually. After installation, the LEACH file showed some error but the LEACH-C file was running smoothly. I don't know what is going on.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Sir, Clear the given error
    make: *** No rule to make target 'mit/rca/rcagent.c', needed by 'mit/rca/rcagent.o'. Stop.
    Ns make failed!
    See http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/ns-problems.html for problems

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Installing ns-3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04

This post shows how to install ns 3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Prerequisites: Fresh installation of Ubuntu Version 20.04 LTS  ns3.34 can be downloaded from here Follow the video link for complete step by step instructions on the installation.  This version fixes the compilation issues of vanet-routing-compare.cc (bug in ns3.33)  Issue the following commands after opening a terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install g++ python3 python3-dev python-dev pkg-config sqlite3 python3-setuptools git qt5-default gir1.2-goocanvas-2.0 python3-gi python3-gi-cairo python3-pygraphviz gir1.2-gtk-3.0 ipython3 openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev autoconf cvs bzr unrar openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev tcpdump wireshark libxml2 libxml2-dev Unzip or untar the ns-allinone-3.34.tar.bz2 in the home folder (in my case its /home/pradeepkumar) $ cd ns-allinone-3.34/ $ ./build.py --enable-examples --enable-tests  Once the installation is completed, you may get an output show

Installation of ns3 in Windows 10 and Windows 11 OS using WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

This post shows how to install ns-3.33 in Windows 10 through WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) This posts works for Windows 11 also (I have tested it on a Windows 11 ISO and it works the Same way as mentioned in the following post.) This post will work for ns-3.3x version. Prerequisites : Install Windows Subsystem for Linux with GUI: Please refer the following video  System Information: OS used: Windows 10 and WSL (Ubuntu 20.04) GUI: XServer for Windows NS3 Version: ns-3.33 See the following complete video on how to install ns3 in Windows 10 Step 0 : Open XLaunch Step 1 :  Open WSL using PowerShell and open it as Administrator Command:/  wsl $ xfce4-session The GUI of Ubuntu Opens within Windows 10 OS. Step 2 : Download ns3 from nsnam.org website through Mozilla Firefox browser Step 3: Open a Terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python3-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python3-matplotlib python-tk python3-dev qt5-q

Installing NS-3.32 in Ubuntu 20.04

This is about installing ns version 3.32 in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. #ns3 #ns3 .32 #networksimulation The commands used in the video are given here. $] sudo apt update $] sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python3-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python3-matplotlib python-tk python3-dev qt5-qmake qt5-default gnuplot-x11 wireshark Download the ns-allinone-3.32.tar.bz2 package from nsnam.org and copy it to /home/ folder See the full video for detailed instructions Extract it either in GUI or using command $] tar jxvf ns-allinone-3.32.tar.bz2 $] cd ns-allinone-3.32/ $] ./build.py --enable-examples --enable-tests The above command will take some time to install all the packages  You can see the output as shown below ns3 To check whether ns3 installed successfully, use the following commands. $] cd ns-3.32/ $] ./waf --run hello-simulator You should get the output as Hello Simulator $] ./waf --run first This is the example from the ns-3.32/exa