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Telnet and FTP in Wired networks using NS2 (Network Simulator 2)

Telnet and FTP for a Wired Networks This post tells about the use of Telnet and FTP in Network Simulator 2 for a wired network. This can be extended to a wireless network as well. The following is the source code for implementing Telnet and FTP application in a Wired network scenario.  The network looks like this: Telnet in NS2 Node 0 to Node 2 is enabled with Telnet Application and Node 1 to Node 3 is enabled with FTP Application.  Save the following file as wired.tcl #=================================== # Simulation parameters setup #=================================== set val(stop) 10.0 ;# time of simulation end #=================================== # Initialization #=================================== #Create a ns simulator set ns [new Simulator] #Open the NS trace file set tracefile [open out.tr w] $ns trace-all $tracefile #Open the NAM trace file set namfile [open out.nam w] $ns namtrace-all $namfile #=================================== # Nodes

Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) using Node JS

Constrained Application Protocol using Node JS

Constrained application protocol is shortly called as CoAP and its based on Request Response Model where a browser or application will be requesting for a resource from the server. The resource would be a sensor reading like temperature, humidity, heartbeat, etc. 

For complete explanation of the source code and the demo please go through the video:


CoAP can be developed with many programming or scripting languages like:

  1. Python
  2. Node JS
  3. Contiki OS

In this article, I will be writing or explaining the source code of CoAP using Node JS and this can be demonstrated with a plugin name called Cu Plugin for Chrome Browser. There are many CoAP client available like coap, libcoap, etc in Linux OS and Cu Plugin being a easier and common approach for a client. 

You can refer the complete

This program first starts the CoAP Server and accept only the JSON format headers, else it will throw the error number '4.06'. 

Based on the request URL (req.url), the incoming requests will be handled by the server and responded with json based sensor values namely: for example, for "temperature", the server respond with {'temperature':988}. The values generated her is baaed on a random integer, in case of real sensor attached to the sensor, it can send those information as well. 

Here is the source code of the CoAP program.  The name of the file is coap.js 

var coap = require('coap');

function randomInt(min,max) {

return (Math.floor(Math.random()*(max-min) + min));
}

var portNumber=5683;
coap.createServer(function (req,res) {
console.info('CoAP device got a request from %s', req.url);
if(req.headers['Accept'] != 'application/json') {
res.code='4.06';
return res.end();
}
switch(req.url) {
case "/co2":
displayOutput(res, {'Co2':randomInt(0,1000)});
break;
case "/temperature":
displayOutput(res, {'Temperature':randomInt(-10,50)});
break;
case "/humidity":
displayOutput(res, {'Humidity':randomInt(0,100)});
break;
default:
displayOutput(res);
}
}).listen(portNumber);
console.log('CoAP Server is started at port Number 5683');

function displayOutput (res,content) {
if(content) {
res.setOption('Content-Format','application/json');
res.code='2.05';
res.end (JSON.stringify(content));
} else {
res.code='4.04';
res.end();
}
}
//End of Program
To install the packages in Linux, here is the command
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install nodejs npm
$ npm install coap
The above program can be run using the command 
$ node coap.js 
The request are  
coap://localhost:5683/co2
coap://localhost:5683/temperature
coap://localhost:5683/humidity

The following will be the output
{'Co2':899}
{'Temperature':45}
{'Humidity':67}
This will start the server and the client can browse the server through the plugin called Cu plugin in Google Chrome Browser. There is a small work around to do the customisation. Please follow the video for enabling the Cu plugin in Google Chrome browser. 

Here is the output screen shot of the above request.
CoAP
CoAP Client (Cu) plugin


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