Skip to main content

How to install Ubuntu within Windows 10 without a Virtual Machine (VM) | WSL

This post shows you how to install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) in windows 10 operating system. 

Requirements:
Windows 10 OS or Preview Release version of Windows 10. Refer the complete video below on how to install WSL in Windows 10 including how to use Full Linux GUI using XServer for Windows,

Follow the video for more details on how to do this process:



Installing WSL

There are multiple steps involved as given below

Step 1: Open Windows Power Shell from the Start Menu with Administrative Privileges

and execute the following commands 


Command prompt:/> dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart

Command prompt:/> dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart

Step 2: Restart your computer (This step is mandatory) 

Step 3: Download the Linux Kernel Update package for x64 Machine 

Double click the above downloaded file and install it. Click Yes if it asks for elevated privileges

Step 4: Set WSL2 as the default version 

Command prompt:/> wsl --set-default-version 2

Step 5: Install the Linux Distribution of your choice: In MY case I have selected the following link. Its Ubuntu 
If the above link is not working, then 
Open Windows Store and search for Ubuntu and select as per the screenshot given below
WSL Ubuntu
WSL Ubuntu


After the downloading and installation of the above software, a new command window opens and asks you to enter the preferred username and password for your linux Login. Input both and you are done. 

Step 6: Using WSL
Whenever you want to use Ubuntu within your windows OS, open Power shell and execute the command 

C:/> wsl 
It goes into Linux mode and all the linux commands will work now

Use the following commands to update your system

$ sudo apt update && sudo apt -y upgrade
$ sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev net-tools
sudo apt install xrdp -y && sudo systemctl enable xrdp


Step 7: Enabling the GUI for Ubuntu within Windows
By default, WSL does not support any GUI, but there are some workaround to support the GUI like xubuntu-desktop or mate desktop, you can use either of these. 

Open the Powershell
Command Prompt:/> wsl

sudo apt install -y tasksel
$ sudo tasksel install xubuntu-desktop
$ sudo apt install gtk2-engines

$ nano ~/.bashrc
and paste the following texts in the above file
export DISPLAY=$(cat /etc/resolv.conf | grep nameserver | awk '{print $2; exit;}'):0.0export LIBGL_ALWAYS_INDIRECT=1sudo /etc/init.d/dbus start &> /dev/null


Also create another file as per the command

$ nano /etc/sudoers.d/dbus
and paste the following line in this file. The username for ubuntu is pradeepkumar in my case, you can use your username in the following statement.
pradeepkumar ALL = (root) NOPASSWD: /etc/init.d/dbus


Step 8: Download the XServer for Windows 10 (which is free) and helpful in running Ubuntu's GUI applications within Windows.

Install it by double click and open it afterwards (XLaunch), and follow the below settings as per the screenshots.





Final Steps:
Once all the above steps are completed, restart your Windows Machine and from then on, use the following for working with ubuntu:

To open ubuntu from windows, Follow these steps


Login to windows -> 
Open Powershell or Command prompt (either in Administrator mode or normal mode) and type

Command Prompt:/>  wsl 

and thats it you are entering the ubuntu OS.

if you want to login with full Linux desktop, use the command 

Command Prompt:/> xfce4-session

Its good and very powerful, lets use Ubuntu within Windows 10 without any hassles.

Please subscribe to my channel and share the video to your near and dears....

My YouTube Channel is :

NB: I Used the following two links for the above procedure

Comments

  1. After some inactivity, the XLaunch's window freezes and I need to restart the server. What would be the problem? Thanks

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Step 1: Install the basic libraries like      $] sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev Step 2: install gcc-4.8 and g++-4.8 open the file using sudo mode $] sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list Include the following line deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic main universe $] sudo apt update $] sudo apt install gcc-4.8 g++-4.8 Step 3:  Unzip the ns2 packages to home folder $] tar zxvf ns-allinone-2.35.tar.gz $] cd ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35 Modify the following make files. ~ns-2.35/Makefile.in Change @CC@ to gcc-4.8 change @CXX@ to g++-4.8 ~nam-1.15/Makefile.in ~xgraph-12.2/Makefile.in ~otcl-1.14/Makefile.in Change in all places  @CC@ to gcc-4.8 @CPP@ or @CXX@ to g++-4.8 open the file: ~ns-2.35/linkstate/ls.h Change at the Line no 137  void eraseAll() { erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } to This void eraseAll() { this->erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } All changes made Step 4: Open a new termi

Installing ns-3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04

This post shows how to install ns 3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Prerequisites: Fresh installation of Ubuntu Version 20.04 LTS  ns3.34 can be downloaded from here Follow the video link for complete step by step instructions on the installation.  This version fixes the compilation issues of vanet-routing-compare.cc (bug in ns3.33)  Issue the following commands after opening a terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install g++ python3 python3-dev python-dev pkg-config sqlite3 python3-setuptools git qt5-default gir1.2-goocanvas-2.0 python3-gi python3-gi-cairo python3-pygraphviz gir1.2-gtk-3.0 ipython3 openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev autoconf cvs bzr unrar openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev tcpdump wireshark libxml2 libxml2-dev Unzip or untar the ns-allinone-3.34.tar.bz2 in the home folder (in my case its /home/pradeepkumar) $ cd ns-allinone-3.34/ $ ./build.py --enable-examples --enable-tests  Once the installation is completed, you may get an output show

Installation of ns3 in Windows 10 and Windows 11 OS using WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

This post shows how to install ns-3.33 in Windows 10 through WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) This posts works for Windows 11 also (I have tested it on a Windows 11 ISO and it works the Same way as mentioned in the following post.) This post will work for ns-3.3x version. Prerequisites : Install Windows Subsystem for Linux with GUI: Please refer the following video  System Information: OS used: Windows 10 and WSL (Ubuntu 20.04) GUI: XServer for Windows NS3 Version: ns-3.33 See the following complete video on how to install ns3 in Windows 10 Step 0 : Open XLaunch Step 1 :  Open WSL using PowerShell and open it as Administrator Command:/  wsl $ xfce4-session The GUI of Ubuntu Opens within Windows 10 OS. Step 2 : Download ns3 from nsnam.org website through Mozilla Firefox browser Step 3: Open a Terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python3-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python3-matplotlib python-tk python3-dev qt5-q