Skip to main content

Flying Adhoc Network Simulation (FANET) using NS3

In this post, we will see how to simulation a Flying Adhoc Network (FANET) simulation using NS3. 

Its actually MANET with 3D mobility Model called Gauss Markov Mobility Model. 

See the following video for more details and explanation:

So all the nodes are flying in a 3D Fashion with X axis, Y Axis and Z Axis 

The default values of the three axes are 
X axis can be (-100m, 100m)
Y axis can be (-100m, 100m)
Z axis can be (0m, 100m)

We will take the following example for experimenting the Flying Adhoc Networks. To begin with, We use the following parameters for Simulation:
The name of the File is
#include "ns3/point-to-point-module.h"
#include "ns3/ipv4-global-routing-helper.h"
#include <fstream>
#include <string>
#include "ns3/core-module.h"
#include "ns3/network-module.h"
#include "ns3/applications-module.h"
#include "ns3/mobility-module.h"
#include "ns3/config-store-module.h"
#include "ns3/wifi-module.h"

#include "ns3/aodv-helper.h"
#include "ns3/internet-module.h"
#include "ns3/netanim-module.h"

using namespace ns3;

int main (int argc, char *argv[])
  CommandLine cmd;
  cmd.Parse (argc, argv);
  NodeContainer c;
  c.Create (20); //20 wireless nodes

 WifiHelper wifi;
wifi.SetStandard (WIFI_PHY_STANDARD_80211b);
//80211a, 80211b, 80211n, 2.4g and 5G, 80211ac, 80211ax is also supported.80211p (VANETs, WAVE)

  WifiMacHelper mac;
  mac.SetType ("ns3::AdhocWifiMac");
  //AdhocWifiMac, StaWifiMac, ApWifiMac
  wifi.SetRemoteStationManager ("ns3::ConstantRateWifiManager",
                                "DataMode", StringValue ("OfdmRate54Mbps"));
  YansWifiPhyHelper wifiPhy = YansWifiPhyHelper::Default ();
  YansWifiChannelHelper wifiChannel = YansWifiChannelHelper::Default ();
  wifiChannel.SetPropagationDelay ("ns3::ConstantSpeedPropagationDelayModel");
  wifiChannel.AddPropagationLoss ("ns3::FriisPropagationLossModel");
  wifiPhy.SetChannel (wifiChannel.Create ());
  NetDeviceContainer cDevices = wifi.Install (wifiPhy, mac, c);
  NS_LOG_INFO ("Enabling AODV routing on all backbone nodes");
  AodvHelper aodv;
  //AODV protocol is being using FANETs.
  InternetStackHelper internet;
  internet.SetRoutingHelper (aodv); // has effect on the next Install ()
  internet.Install (c);

  // Assign IPv4 addresses to the device drivers (actually to the associated
  // IPv4 interfaces) we just created.
  Ipv4AddressHelper ipAddrs;
  ipAddrs.SetBase ("", "");
  Ipv4InterfaceContainer cInterfaces;
  cInterfaces=ipAddrs.Assign (cDevices);
//Mobility Model - 2D
MobilityHelper mobility;

mobility.SetPositionAllocator ("ns3::GridPositionAllocator",
  "MinX", DoubleValue (0.0),
  "MinY", DoubleValue (0.0),
  "DeltaX", DoubleValue (5.0),
  "DeltaY", DoubleValue (10.0),
  "GridWidth", UintegerValue (3),
  "LayoutType", StringValue ("RowFirst"));

mobility.SetMobilityModel ("ns3::RandomWalk2dMobilityModel",  "Bounds", RectangleValue (Rectangle (-100, 100, -100, 100)));
mobility.Install (c);
 //Mobility Model -3D
 MobilityHelper mobility;
mobility.SetMobilityModel ("ns3::GaussMarkovMobilityModel",
  "Bounds", BoxValue (Box (0, 100, 0, 100, 0, 100)),
  "TimeStep", TimeValue (Seconds (0.5)),
  "Alpha", DoubleValue (0.85),
  "MeanVelocity", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=800|Max=1200]"),
  "MeanDirection", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=6.283185307]"),
  "MeanPitch", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0.05|Max=0.05]"),
  "NormalVelocity", StringValue ("ns3::NormalRandomVariable[Mean=0.0|Variance=0.0|Bound=0.0]"),
  "NormalDirection", StringValue ("ns3::NormalRandomVariable[Mean=0.0|Variance=0.2|Bound=0.4]"),
  "NormalPitch", StringValue ("ns3::NormalRandomVariable[Mean=0.0|Variance=0.02|Bound=0.04]"));
mobility.SetPositionAllocator ("ns3::RandomBoxPositionAllocator",
  "X", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=100]"),
  "Y", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=100]"),
  "Z", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=100]"));
mobility.Install (c);

 UdpEchoServerHelper echoServer (9);

  ApplicationContainer serverApps = echoServer.Install (c.Get(0));
  serverApps.Start (Seconds (1.0));
  serverApps.Stop (Seconds (10.0));

 UdpEchoClientHelper echoClient (cInterfaces.GetAddress(0), 9);
  echoClient.SetAttribute ("MaxPackets", UintegerValue (1));
  echoClient.SetAttribute ("Interval", TimeValue (Seconds (1.0)));
  echoClient.SetAttribute ("PacketSize", UintegerValue (1024));

  ApplicationContainer clientApps = echoClient.Install (c.Get(1));
  clientApps.Start (Seconds (2.0));
  clientApps.Stop (Seconds (10.0));

wifiPhy.EnablePcapAll ("Fanet3D"); //Packet Capture.
//Network Animation using NetAnim.
AnimationInterface anim("Fanet3D.xml");
//Ascii Trace Metrics can be processed using Tracemetrics Software.
AsciiTraceHelper ascii;

  Simulator::Stop (Seconds (10.0));
  Simulator::Run ();
  Simulator::Destroy ();
  return 0;
The source code above explains the Flying Adhoc Networks in 3D using the Gauss Markov model. The RED code indicates its a 2D model and the BLUE code indicates the 3D mobility model.

How to run this file:
Step 1: Copy the above file in the folder ~ns-3.31/scratch
Step 2: Open the terminal 

$] cd ns-allinone-3.31/ns-3.31/
$] ./waf --run scratch/fanetex

To See the animation:

$] ../netanim-3.108/NetAnim
and do as per the instructions in the video



  1. Hello Pradeep Thanks for wonderful explanation.

    I want to know about ns-3 implementation of ground to UAV channel model. Please help me

  2. can you pl help me i want to also compare the olsr and aodv throuhput PDR in it how could i pl. send ur mail or contactt

  3. Hello,
    Could you help to evaluate tcp variants in MANET or Flynet in Ns3.33
    Thanks a lot

  4. Sir can you please explain how to change ns2 code of Anthocnet to ns3 code.


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Step 1: Install the basic libraries like      $] sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev Step 2: install gcc-4.8 and g++-4.8 open the file using sudo mode $] sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list Include the following line deb bionic main universe $] sudo apt update $] sudo apt install gcc-4.8 g++-4.8 Step 3:  Unzip the ns2 packages to home folder $] tar zxvf ns-allinone-2.35.tar.gz $] cd ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35 Modify the following make files. ~ns-2.35/ Change @CC@ to gcc-4.8 change @CXX@ to g++-4.8 ~nam-1.15/ ~xgraph-12.2/ ~otcl-1.14/ Change in all places  @CC@ to gcc-4.8 @CPP@ or @CXX@ to g++-4.8 open the file: ~ns-2.35/linkstate/ls.h Change at the Line no 137  void eraseAll() { erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } to This void eraseAll() { this->erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } All changes made Step 4: Open a new termi

Installing ns-3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04

This post shows how to install ns 3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Prerequisites: Fresh installation of Ubuntu Version 20.04 LTS  ns3.34 can be downloaded from here Follow the video link for complete step by step instructions on the installation.  This version fixes the compilation issues of (bug in ns3.33)  Issue the following commands after opening a terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install g++ python3 python3-dev python-dev pkg-config sqlite3 python3-setuptools git qt5-default gir1.2-goocanvas-2.0 python3-gi python3-gi-cairo python3-pygraphviz gir1.2-gtk-3.0 ipython3 openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev autoconf cvs bzr unrar openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev tcpdump wireshark libxml2 libxml2-dev Unzip or untar the ns-allinone-3.34.tar.bz2 in the home folder (in my case its /home/pradeepkumar) $ cd ns-allinone-3.34/ $ ./ --enable-examples --enable-tests  Once the installation is completed, you may get an output show

Installation of ns3 in Windows 10 and Windows 11 OS using WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

This post shows how to install ns-3.33 in Windows 10 through WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) This posts works for Windows 11 also (I have tested it on a Windows 11 ISO and it works the Same way as mentioned in the following post.) This post will work for ns-3.3x version. Prerequisites : Install Windows Subsystem for Linux with GUI: Please refer the following video  System Information: OS used: Windows 10 and WSL (Ubuntu 20.04) GUI: XServer for Windows NS3 Version: ns-3.33 See the following complete video on how to install ns3 in Windows 10 Step 0 : Open XLaunch Step 1 :  Open WSL using PowerShell and open it as Administrator Command:/  wsl $ xfce4-session The GUI of Ubuntu Opens within Windows 10 OS. Step 2 : Download ns3 from website through Mozilla Firefox browser Step 3: Open a Terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python3-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python3-matplotlib python-tk python3-dev qt5-q