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NS2 Installation in Ubuntu 22.04

Flying Adhoc Network Simulation (FANET) using NS3

In this post, we will see how to simulation a Flying Adhoc Network (FANET) simulation using NS3. 

Its actually MANET with 3D mobility Model called Gauss Markov Mobility Model. 

See the following video for more details and explanation:

So all the nodes are flying in a 3D Fashion with X axis, Y Axis and Z Axis 

The default values of the three axes are 
X axis can be (-100m, 100m)
Y axis can be (-100m, 100m)
Z axis can be (0m, 100m)

We will take the following example for experimenting the Flying Adhoc Networks. To begin with, We use the following parameters for Simulation:
The name of the File is
#include "ns3/point-to-point-module.h"
#include "ns3/ipv4-global-routing-helper.h"
#include <fstream>
#include <string>
#include "ns3/core-module.h"
#include "ns3/network-module.h"
#include "ns3/applications-module.h"
#include "ns3/mobility-module.h"
#include "ns3/config-store-module.h"
#include "ns3/wifi-module.h"

#include "ns3/aodv-helper.h"
#include "ns3/internet-module.h"
#include "ns3/netanim-module.h"

using namespace ns3;

int main (int argc, char *argv[])
  CommandLine cmd;
  cmd.Parse (argc, argv);
  NodeContainer c;
  c.Create (20); //20 wireless nodes

 WifiHelper wifi;
wifi.SetStandard (WIFI_PHY_STANDARD_80211b);
//80211a, 80211b, 80211n, 2.4g and 5G, 80211ac, 80211ax is also supported.80211p (VANETs, WAVE)

  WifiMacHelper mac;
  mac.SetType ("ns3::AdhocWifiMac");
  //AdhocWifiMac, StaWifiMac, ApWifiMac
  wifi.SetRemoteStationManager ("ns3::ConstantRateWifiManager",
                                "DataMode", StringValue ("OfdmRate54Mbps"));
  YansWifiPhyHelper wifiPhy = YansWifiPhyHelper::Default ();
  YansWifiChannelHelper wifiChannel = YansWifiChannelHelper::Default ();
  wifiChannel.SetPropagationDelay ("ns3::ConstantSpeedPropagationDelayModel");
  wifiChannel.AddPropagationLoss ("ns3::FriisPropagationLossModel");
  wifiPhy.SetChannel (wifiChannel.Create ());
  NetDeviceContainer cDevices = wifi.Install (wifiPhy, mac, c);
  NS_LOG_INFO ("Enabling AODV routing on all backbone nodes");
  AodvHelper aodv;
  //AODV protocol is being using FANETs.
  InternetStackHelper internet;
  internet.SetRoutingHelper (aodv); // has effect on the next Install ()
  internet.Install (c);

  // Assign IPv4 addresses to the device drivers (actually to the associated
  // IPv4 interfaces) we just created.
  Ipv4AddressHelper ipAddrs;
  ipAddrs.SetBase ("", "");
  Ipv4InterfaceContainer cInterfaces;
  cInterfaces=ipAddrs.Assign (cDevices);
//Mobility Model - 2D
MobilityHelper mobility;

mobility.SetPositionAllocator ("ns3::GridPositionAllocator",
  "MinX", DoubleValue (0.0),
  "MinY", DoubleValue (0.0),
  "DeltaX", DoubleValue (5.0),
  "DeltaY", DoubleValue (10.0),
  "GridWidth", UintegerValue (3),
  "LayoutType", StringValue ("RowFirst"));

mobility.SetMobilityModel ("ns3::RandomWalk2dMobilityModel",  "Bounds", RectangleValue (Rectangle (-100, 100, -100, 100)));
mobility.Install (c);
 //Mobility Model -3D
 MobilityHelper mobility;
mobility.SetMobilityModel ("ns3::GaussMarkovMobilityModel",
  "Bounds", BoxValue (Box (0, 100, 0, 100, 0, 100)),
  "TimeStep", TimeValue (Seconds (0.5)),
  "Alpha", DoubleValue (0.85),
  "MeanVelocity", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=800|Max=1200]"),
  "MeanDirection", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=6.283185307]"),
  "MeanPitch", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0.05|Max=0.05]"),
  "NormalVelocity", StringValue ("ns3::NormalRandomVariable[Mean=0.0|Variance=0.0|Bound=0.0]"),
  "NormalDirection", StringValue ("ns3::NormalRandomVariable[Mean=0.0|Variance=0.2|Bound=0.4]"),
  "NormalPitch", StringValue ("ns3::NormalRandomVariable[Mean=0.0|Variance=0.02|Bound=0.04]"));
mobility.SetPositionAllocator ("ns3::RandomBoxPositionAllocator",
  "X", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=100]"),
  "Y", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=100]"),
  "Z", StringValue ("ns3::UniformRandomVariable[Min=0|Max=100]"));
mobility.Install (c);

 UdpEchoServerHelper echoServer (9);

  ApplicationContainer serverApps = echoServer.Install (c.Get(0));
  serverApps.Start (Seconds (1.0));
  serverApps.Stop (Seconds (10.0));

 UdpEchoClientHelper echoClient (cInterfaces.GetAddress(0), 9);
  echoClient.SetAttribute ("MaxPackets", UintegerValue (1));
  echoClient.SetAttribute ("Interval", TimeValue (Seconds (1.0)));
  echoClient.SetAttribute ("PacketSize", UintegerValue (1024));

  ApplicationContainer clientApps = echoClient.Install (c.Get(1));
  clientApps.Start (Seconds (2.0));
  clientApps.Stop (Seconds (10.0));

wifiPhy.EnablePcapAll ("Fanet3D"); //Packet Capture.
//Network Animation using NetAnim.
AnimationInterface anim("Fanet3D.xml");
//Ascii Trace Metrics can be processed using Tracemetrics Software.
AsciiTraceHelper ascii;

  Simulator::Stop (Seconds (10.0));
  Simulator::Run ();
  Simulator::Destroy ();
  return 0;
The source code above explains the Flying Adhoc Networks in 3D using the Gauss Markov model. The RED code indicates its a 2D model and the BLUE code indicates the 3D mobility model.

How to run this file:
Step 1: Copy the above file in the folder ~ns-3.31/scratch
Step 2: Open the terminal 

$] cd ns-allinone-3.31/ns-3.31/
$] ./waf --run scratch/fanetex

To See the animation:

$] ../netanim-3.108/NetAnim
and do as per the instructions in the video



  1. Hello Pradeep Thanks for wonderful explanation.

    I want to know about ns-3 implementation of ground to UAV channel model. Please help me

  2. can you pl help me i want to also compare the olsr and aodv throuhput PDR in it how could i pl. send ur mail or contactt

  3. Hello,
    Could you help to evaluate tcp variants in MANET or Flynet in Ns3.33
    Thanks a lot

  4. Sir can you please explain how to change ns2 code of Anthocnet to ns3 code.

  5. Hello Sir, I am implementing same program on NS 3.34 i am getting following error ,could you please help me in this
    [2937/3016] Compiling scratch/
    ../scratch/ In function ‘int main(int, char**)’:
    ../scratch/ error: ‘virtual void ns3::WifiHelper::SetStandard(ns3::WifiPhyStandard)’ is deprecated [-Werror=deprecated-declarations]
    32 | wifi.SetStandard (WIFI_PHY_STANDARD_80211b);
    | ^
    In file included from ../scratch/
    ./ns3/wifi-helper.h:502:16: note: declared here
    502 | virtual void SetStandard (WifiPhyStandard standard);
    | ^~~~~~~~~~~
    ../scratch/ error: ‘YansWifiPhyHelper’ was not declared in this scope
    40 | YansWifiPhyHelper wifiPhy = YansWifiPhyHelper::Default ();
    | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    ../scratch/ error: ‘YansWifiChannelHelper’ was not declared in this scope
    41 | YansWifiChannelHelper wifiChannel = YansWifiChannelHelper::Default ();
    | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    ../scratch/ error: ‘wifiChannel’ was not declared in this scope
    42 | wifiChannel.SetPropagationDelay ("ns3::ConstantSpeedPropagationDelayModel");
    | ^~~~~~~~~~~
    ../scratch/ error: ‘wifiPhy’ was not declared in this scope; did you mean ‘wifi’?
    44 | wifiPhy.SetChannel (wifiChannel.Create ());
    | ^~~~~~~
    | wifi


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