Skip to main content

Routing in VANETs using ns3

Part 1
WAVE - Wireless Access for Vehicular environments. It might take more than an hour. The readers are requested to be patient. SUMO, VANETs, routing comparison 1. Explain the full source code (1550 lines of code) 2. Creating a real scenario using osm (Open Street Map Web Wizard) 3. Performance analysis for various vanet protocols. Location of the source code /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-3.27/ns-3.27/src/wave/examples
Move this file to the scratch/ for inclusion of all modules. Step 1: Explanation of source code. Copy the file to scratch folder. This is just Part 1 of the VANET comparison

Part 2
Please watch the First Part before watching this video  

Part 2 - Analysis of the results.

Please go through the first video (Part 1) and then watch this video (PArt 2)

#VANETs #NS3 #Routing

1. SUMO for web traffic (
2. Convert this into mobility.tcl file and that can be loaded to file (as discussed in part1)
3. We will be analysing various metrics like 
Receive Rate
Packets Received
Mac PHY overhead
Throughput and other metrics.
Files that are generated
mobility.tcl (for generating traffic in the network)
.tr (Ascii Trace, throughput and goodput)
.flowmon (FlowMonitor)
.xml (for NetAnim)
.pcap (Wireshark)

Step 1 - SUMO

$] export SUMO_HOME=/home/pradeepkumar/sumo/
$] cd sumo/tools
$] python

Once the data generated

$] sumo -c osm.sumocfg --fcd-output trace.xml
sumo has a file, this file has to be processed.

$]  python -i 2019-08-18-20-47-08/trace.xml --ns2mobility-output=/home/pradeepkumar/mobility.tcl

from the mobility.tcl file,there are 
32 nodes (vehicles) and 249 seconds

Step 2:
NS3 part
Copy the file file to the scratch folder. 
$] cp ns-allinone-3.27/ns-3.27/src/wave/examples/ ns-allinone-3.27/ns-3.27/scratch/

Do the modifications in line numbe 2392 as indicated in the video

My simulation will be running for various protocols like OLSR, AODV and DSDV
Scenario 2 is used for Selaiyur, Tambaram, Chennai, India
Total time is 30 seconds 
Vehicle movement is 20m/s

$] ./waf --run "scratch/vanet-routing-compare --protocol=1 --scenario=2"
1 - OLSR 
4. DSR

To process the results, we used gnuplot and LibreOFfice Spreadsheet
Gnuplot Code.

set terminal pdf
set output "RR.pdf"
set title "Receive Rate"
set xlabel "Simulation Time (Seconds)"
set ylabel "Receive Rate"
plot "AODV.csv" using 1:2 with linespoints title "AODV", "OLSR.csv" using 1:2 with linespoints title "OLSR","DSDV.csv" using 1:2 with linespoints title "DSDV","DSR.csv" using 1:2 with linespoints title "DSR" 

set terminal pdf
set output "PR.pdf"
set title "Packets Receives"
set xlabel "Simulation Time (Seconds)"
set ylabel "PAckets Received"
plot "AODV.csv" using 1:3 with linespoints title "AODV", "OLSR.csv" using 1:3 with linespoints title "OLSR","DSDV.csv" using 1:3 with linespoints title "DSDV","DSR.csv" using 1:3 with linespoints title "DSR" 

set terminal pdf
set output "macphy.pdf"
set title "Mac Phy OVerhead"
set xlabel "Simulation Time (Seconds)"
set ylabel "Overhead"
plot "AODV.csv" using 1:22 with linespoints title "AODV", "OLSR.csv" using 1:22 with linespoints title "OLSR","DSDV.csv" using 1:22 with linespoints title "DSDV","DSR.csv" using 1:22 with linespoints title "DSR" 

WE have done the basic simulations.. and plotting of characteristics. 
Similar way , we can do it for other results also.

In the next video, I will be showcasing how to use flowmonitor for plotting the various losses, bitrates in the system or network.

python scripts to read the flowmonitors.

Thanks for watching. please share the videos to your friends and ask them to subscribe. 

Thank you....


  1. how can i count my number of neighbor in AODV using ns2.35?
    please help me
    thank you

  2. Thank you sir for this effective tutorials on VANETs. sir I need use fuzzy logic in VANETs. Can you provide some information how we can do this in ns3?

    1. i also want code for fuzzy logic in manet kindly mail me...

  3. Your web site is very useful for students and researchers. Thank you so much

  4. Hello Dr. Kumar!
    Congratulations of videos. Its much helping me in master´s degree.
    Health, Peace and Success.
    Thank you very much!

    ;-) Edivaldo Pastori Valentini

  5. Sir i got this error can you help me to resolve it
    /home/sarath/ns-allinone-3.29/ns-3.29/build/../src/wave/examples/ undefined reference to `ns3::AnimationInterface::~AnimationInterface()'
    collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

  6. Dr, plss I need your help. Am a big fan of your website. Have sent a mail but u didn't reply.

    There is code I need you to explain for me sir.

    RSA algorithm on AODV.

    This is the link to the file

  7. sir, how to find the energy spend by a node in routing process?


  9. Sir, i always face an error during the running the code :

    msg="Could not connect callback to /NodeList/*/DeviceList/*/ns3::WifiNetDevice/Phy/PhyTxDrop", +0.000000000s -1 file=../src/core/model/, line=923
    terminate called without an active exception

    Command ['/home/babak/ns-allinone-3.32/ns-3.32/build/scratch/vanet-routing-compare', '--protocol=1', '--scenario=2'] terminated with signal SIGABRT. Run it under a debugger to get more information (./waf --run --gdb").

    appreciate your help, i really need it to be run

  10. Thank you very much for the videos, Very informative and helping in research.

    Best Regards,


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Step 1: Install the basic libraries like      $] sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev Step 2: install gcc-4.8 and g++-4.8 open the file using sudo mode $] sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list Include the following line deb bionic main universe $] sudo apt update $] sudo apt install gcc-4.8 g++-4.8 Step 3:  Unzip the ns2 packages to home folder $] tar zxvf ns-allinone-2.35.tar.gz $] cd ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35 Modify the following make files. ~ns-2.35/ Change @CC@ to gcc-4.8 change @CXX@ to g++-4.8 ~nam-1.15/ ~xgraph-12.2/ ~otcl-1.14/ Change in all places  @CC@ to gcc-4.8 @CPP@ or @CXX@ to g++-4.8 open the file: ~ns-2.35/linkstate/ls.h Change at the Line no 137  void eraseAll() { erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } to This void eraseAll() { this->erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } All changes made Step 4: Open a new termi

Installing ns-3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04

This post shows how to install ns 3.34 in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Prerequisites: Fresh installation of Ubuntu Version 20.04 LTS  ns3.34 can be downloaded from here Follow the video link for complete step by step instructions on the installation.  This version fixes the compilation issues of (bug in ns3.33)  Issue the following commands after opening a terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install g++ python3 python3-dev python-dev pkg-config sqlite3 python3-setuptools git qt5-default gir1.2-goocanvas-2.0 python3-gi python3-gi-cairo python3-pygraphviz gir1.2-gtk-3.0 ipython3 openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev autoconf cvs bzr unrar openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev tcpdump wireshark libxml2 libxml2-dev Unzip or untar the ns-allinone-3.34.tar.bz2 in the home folder (in my case its /home/pradeepkumar) $ cd ns-allinone-3.34/ $ ./ --enable-examples --enable-tests  Once the installation is completed, you may get an output show

Installation of ns3 in Windows 10 and Windows 11 OS using WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

This post shows how to install ns-3.33 in Windows 10 through WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) This posts works for Windows 11 also (I have tested it on a Windows 11 ISO and it works the Same way as mentioned in the following post.) This post will work for ns-3.3x version. Prerequisites : Install Windows Subsystem for Linux with GUI: Please refer the following video  System Information: OS used: Windows 10 and WSL (Ubuntu 20.04) GUI: XServer for Windows NS3 Version: ns-3.33 See the following complete video on how to install ns3 in Windows 10 Step 0 : Open XLaunch Step 1 :  Open WSL using PowerShell and open it as Administrator Command:/  wsl $ xfce4-session The GUI of Ubuntu Opens within Windows 10 OS. Step 2 : Download ns3 from website through Mozilla Firefox browser Step 3: Open a Terminal  $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python3-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python3-matplotlib python-tk python3-dev qt5-q