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Wireless network Coding in ns2 - NS2 Tutorial # 5

This post shows you how to write TCL code for Wireless simulations in ns2. It also explains the various aspects of wireless network.

It is part of a lecture series in network simulator 2.

The following image is shown for explanation

Wireless Networks
Wireless Networks
Download the Source code for Wireless Networks

#Example of Wireless networks
#Step 1 initialize variables
#Step 2 - Create a Simulator object
#step 3 - Create Tracing and animation file
#step 4 - topography
#step 5 - GOD - General Operations Director
#step 6 - Create nodes
#Step 7 - Create Channel (Communication PATH)
#step 8 - Position of the nodes (Wireless nodes needs a location)
#step 9 - Any mobility codes (if the nodes are moving)
#step 10 - TCP, UDP Traffic
#run the simulation

#initialize the variables
set val(chan)           Channel/WirelessChannel    ;#Channel Type
set val(prop)           Propagation/TwoRayGround   ;# radio-propagation model
set val(netif)          Phy/WirelessPhy            ;# network interface type WAVELAN DSSS 2.4GHz
set val(mac)            Mac/802_11                 ;# MAC type
set val(ifq)            Queue/DropTail/PriQueue    ;# interface queue type
set val(ll)             LL                         ;# link layer type
set val(ant)            Antenna/OmniAntenna        ;# antenna model
set val(ifqlen)         50                         ;# max packet in ifq
set val(nn)             6                          ;# number of mobilenodes
set val(rp)             AODV                       ;# routing protocol
set val(x) 500 ;# in metres
set val(y) 500 ;# in metres
#Adhoc OnDemand Distance Vector

#creation of Simulator
set ns [new Simulator]

#creation of Trace and namfile 
set tracefile [open w]
$ns trace-all $tracefile

#Creation of Network Animation file
set namfile [open wireless.nam w]
$ns namtrace-all-wireless $namfile $val(x) $val(y)

#create topography
set topo [new Topography]
$topo load_flatgrid $val(x) $val(y)

#GOD Creation - General Operations Director
create-god $val(nn)

set channel1 [new $val(chan)]
set channel2 [new $val(chan)]
set channel3 [new $val(chan)]

#configure the node
$ns node-config -adhocRouting $val(rp) \
-llType $val(ll) \
-macType $val(mac) \
-ifqType $val(ifq) \
-ifqLen $val(ifqlen) \
-antType $val(ant) \
-propType $val(prop) \
-phyType $val(netif) \
-topoInstance $topo \
-agentTrace ON \
-macTrace ON \
-routerTrace ON \
-movementTrace ON \
-channel $channel1 

set n0 [$ns node]
set n1 [$ns node]
set n2 [$ns node]
set n3 [$ns node]
set n4 [$ns node]
set n5 [$ns node]

$n0 random-motion 0
$n1 random-motion 0
$n2 random-motion 0
$n3 random-motion 0
$n4 random-motion 0
$n5 random-motion 0

$ns initial_node_pos $n0 20
$ns initial_node_pos $n1 20
$ns initial_node_pos $n2 20
$ns initial_node_pos $n3 20
$ns initial_node_pos $n4 20
$ns initial_node_pos $n5 50

#initial coordinates of the nodes 
$n0 set X_ 10.0
$n0 set Y_ 20.0
$n0 set Z_ 0.0

$n1 set X_ 210.0
$n1 set Y_ 230.0
$n1 set Z_ 0.0

$n2 set X_ 100.0
$n2 set Y_ 200.0
$n2 set Z_ 0.0

$n3 set X_ 150.0
$n3 set Y_ 230.0
$n3 set Z_ 0.0

$n4 set X_ 430.0
$n4 set Y_ 320.0
$n4 set Z_ 0.0

$n5 set X_ 270.0
$n5 set Y_ 120.0
$n5 set Z_ 0.0
#Dont mention any values above than 500 because in this example, we use X and Y as 500,500

#mobility of the nodes
#At what Time? Which node? Where to? at What Speed?
$ns at 1.0 "$n1 setdest 490.0 340.0 25.0"
$ns at 1.0 "$n4 setdest 300.0 130.0 5.0"
$ns at 1.0 "$n5 setdest 190.0 440.0 15.0"
#the nodes can move any number of times at any location during the simulation (runtime)
$ns at 20.0 "$n5 setdest 100.0 200.0 30.0"

#creation of agents
set tcp [new Agent/TCP]
set sink [new Agent/TCPSink]
$ns attach-agent $n0 $tcp
$ns attach-agent $n5 $sink
$ns connect $tcp $sink
set ftp [new Application/FTP]
$ftp attach-agent $tcp
$ns at 1.0 "$ftp start"

set udp [new Agent/UDP]
set null [new Agent/Null]
$ns attach-agent $n2 $udp
$ns attach-agent $n3 $null
$ns connect $udp $null
set cbr [new Application/Traffic/CBR]
$cbr attach-agent $udp
$ns at 1.0 "$cbr start"

$ns at 30.0 "finish"

proc finish {} {
global ns tracefile namfile
$ns flush-trace
close $tracefile
close $namfile
exit 0

puts "Starting Simulation"
$ns run

T S Pradeep Kumar


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