Skip to main content

MANET Routing Protocols using ns3


Download the Code here:

Check the Video for Detailed instruction and how to use the plots, graphs and source code.

Comparison of MANET routing Protocols 1. AODV
3. DSR
using NS3 (Network Simulator 3)
B.Tech, M.Tech, PhD...
1. Reactive Vs Proactive routing
2. PErformance comparison of MANET protocols
3. AODV Vs DSDV Comparison and also at my channel.

What Version: ns-3.29
My Ubunut OS is: Ubuntu 18.04

This file we are going to use for our simulation:

Once you under stand the code, now lets run this example

Step 1: Copy the above file in to ~ns-3.29/scratch/ folder

Step 2: Understand this code.
Step 3: Run this code
Open the terminal, Go to ns-3.29 and run the following command

$] ./waf --run scratch/manet-routing-compare

enable the following header file

#include "ns3/flo…

Energy Model in ns2 - NS2 Tutorial # 6

LEcture 6 - Ns2 Energy Model

Wireless NEtworking in ns2

By default, nodes have infinite energy, to make it finite, we need to implement energy model.

in the node config we need to include the following lines

-energyModel "EnergyModel" \

-initialEnergy 3.0 \

-txPower 0.9 \

-rxPower 0.5 \

-idlePower 0.45 \

-sleepPower 0.05 \

Energy (joules) = Power (Watts) * Time (sec) for downloading the source codes

Also subscribe to my youtube channel

Thanks for watching. Stay Tuned for more Lectures...

Subscribe and Share.

Copy the Source Code here

#Lecture 6 

#Example of Wireless networks

#Step 1 initialize variables

#Step 2 - Create a Simulator object

#step 3 - Create Tracing and animation file

#step 4 - topography

#step 5 - GOD - General Operations Director

#step 6 - Create nodes

#Step 7 - Create Channel (Communication PATH)

#step 8 - Position of the nodes (Wireless nodes needs a location)

#step 9 - Any mobility codes (if the nodes are moving)

#step 10 - TCP, UDP Traffic

#run the simulation

#initialize the variables

set val(chan)           Channel/WirelessChannel    ;#Channel Type

set val(prop)           Propagation/TwoRayGround   ;# radio-propagation model

set val(netif)          Phy/WirelessPhy            ;# network interface type WAVELAN DSSS 2.4GHz

set val(mac)            Mac/802_11                 ;# MAC type

set val(ifq)            Queue/DropTail/PriQueue    ;# interface queue type

set val(ll)             LL                         ;# link layer type

set val(ant)            Antenna/OmniAntenna        ;# antenna model

set val(ifqlen)         50                         ;# max packet in ifq

set val(nn)             6                          ;# number of mobilenodes

set val(rp)             AODV                       ;# routing protocol

set val(x) 500 ;# in metres

set val(y) 500 ;# in metres

#Adhoc OnDemand Distance Vector

#creation of Simulator

set ns [new Simulator]

#creation of Trace and namfile 

set tracefile [open w]

$ns trace-all $tracefile

#Creation of Network Animation file

set namfile [open wireless.nam w]

$ns namtrace-all-wireless $namfile $val(x) $val(y)

#create topography

set topo [new Topography]

$topo load_flatgrid $val(x) $val(y)

#GOD Creation - General Operations Director

create-god $val(nn)

set channel1 [new $val(chan)]

set channel2 [new $val(chan)]

set channel3 [new $val(chan)]

#configure the node

$ns node-config -adhocRouting $val(rp) \

-llType $val(ll) \

-macType $val(mac) \

-ifqType $val(ifq) \

-ifqLen $val(ifqlen) \

-antType $val(ant) \

-propType $val(prop) \

-phyType $val(netif) \

-energyModel "EnergyModel" \

-initialEnergy 3.0 \

-txPower 0.9 \

-rxPower 0.5 \

-idlePower 0.45 \

-sleepPower 0.05 \

-topoInstance $topo \

-agentTrace ON \

-macTrace ON \

-routerTrace ON \

-movementTrace ON \

-channel $channel1 

#Energy Model

# the unit of energy is joules = Power (Watts) * time (Seconds)

set n0 [$ns node]

set n1 [$ns node]

set n2 [$ns node]

set n3 [$ns node]

set n4 [$ns node]

set n5 [$ns node]

$n0 random-motion 0

$n1 random-motion 0

$n2 random-motion 0

$n3 random-motion 0

$n4 random-motion 0

$n5 random-motion 0

$ns initial_node_pos $n0 20

$ns initial_node_pos $n1 20

$ns initial_node_pos $n2 20

$ns initial_node_pos $n3 20

$ns initial_node_pos $n4 20

$ns initial_node_pos $n5 50

#initial coordinates of the nodes 

$n0 set X_ 10.0

$n0 set Y_ 20.0

$n0 set Z_ 0.0

$n1 set X_ 210.0

$n1 set Y_ 230.0

$n1 set Z_ 0.0

$n2 set X_ 100.0

$n2 set Y_ 200.0

$n2 set Z_ 0.0

$n3 set X_ 150.0

$n3 set Y_ 230.0

$n3 set Z_ 0.0

$n4 set X_ 430.0

$n4 set Y_ 320.0

$n4 set Z_ 0.0

$n5 set X_ 270.0

$n5 set Y_ 120.0

$n5 set Z_ 0.0

#Dont mention any values above than 500 because in this example, we use X and Y as 500,500

#mobility of the nodes

#At what Time? Which node? Where to? at What Speed?

$ns at 1.0 "$n1 setdest 490.0 340.0 25.0"

$ns at 1.0 "$n4 setdest 300.0 130.0 5.0"

$ns at 1.0 "$n5 setdest 190.0 440.0 15.0"

#the nodes can move any number of times at any location during the simulation (runtime)

$ns at 20.0 "$n5 setdest 100.0 200.0 30.0"

#creation of agents

set tcp [new Agent/TCP]

set sink [new Agent/TCPSink]

$ns attach-agent $n0 $tcp

$ns attach-agent $n5 $sink

$ns connect $tcp $sink

set ftp [new Application/FTP]

$ftp attach-agent $tcp

$ns at 1.0 "$ftp start"

set udp [new Agent/UDP]

set null [new Agent/Null]

$ns attach-agent $n2 $udp

$ns attach-agent $n3 $null

$ns connect $udp $null

set cbr [new Application/Traffic/CBR]

$cbr attach-agent $udp

$ns at 1.0 "$cbr start"

$ns at 30.0 "finish"

proc finish {} {

global ns tracefile namfile

$ns flush-trace

close $tracefile

close $namfile

exit 0


puts "Starting Simulation"

$ns run

T S Pradeep Kumar


Popular posts from this blog

Routing in VANETs using ns3

Part 1
WAVE - Wireless Access for Vehicular environments. It might take more than an hour. The readers are requested to be patient. SUMO, VANETs, routing comparison 1. Explain the full source code (1550 lines of code) 2. Creating a real scenario using osm (Open Street Map Web Wizard) 3. Performance analysis for various vanet protocols. Location of the source code /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-3.27/ns-3.27/src/wave/examples
Move this file to the scratch/ for inclusion of all modules. Step 1: Explanation of source code. Copy the file to scratch folder. This is just Part 1 of the VANET comparison

Part 2 Please watch the First Part before watching this video
Part 2 - Analysis of the results.
Please go through the first video (Part 1) and then watch this video (PArt 2)
#VANETs #NS3 #Routing
1. SUMO for web traffic ( 2. Convert this into mobility.tcl file and t…

ns3 installation in Ubuntu 16.04

This post serves the installation instructions of ns3 in ubuntu 16.04 version. Some of my students are working in ns3, this post will benefit them in installing ns3.

OS Used: Ubuntu 16.04.4
ns3 version: ns3 version 3.27

The same procedure will be applied for OS like Debian, Linux Mint.

Fresh installation of Ubuntu 16.04 Let you try the fresh installation of ubuntu in your hard disk along with windows.
Installation of ns3 dependencies ns3 needs so many dependencies, developmental libraries, drivers, etc. so install all those
$] sudo apt update  $] sudo apt upgrade
$] sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python-pygoocanvas python-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python-matplotlib python-tk python-dev python-kiwi python-gnome2 python-gnome2-desktop-dev python-rsvg qt4-dev-tools qt4-qmake qt4-qmake qt4-default gnuplot-x11 wireshark
The above command make take some time to download, compile and install it, Be Patient. 
Installing ns3 Download the…

TORA Protocol in NS-2.35 (NS2)

This post tells you how to enable the TORA (Temporally ordered routing Algorithm) protocol in Network Simulator 2 (ns-2.35)

TORA is a protocol in wireless adhoc networks that works with timing parameters. NS-2.35 comes with the TORA protocol by default but it has to be tweaked manually to make it run.
This post will help you to do that.

You can watch this video for detailed instructions:

Step 1: Generate a Scenario for TORA protoco using NS2 Scenario Generator NSG Software.
We have created a tcl file using NSG2.1.jar

$] java -jar NSG2.1.jar

Three files have to be modified
~ns-2.35/tora/ There are various websites that tells you how to configure TORA by making changes to the above three files.  Change 1: tora.h In the tora.h file, go to the end of the File before the agent completes, include these two lines

#include <classifier/classifier-port.h>
protected: PortClassifier *dmux_;

Change 2: Open the and include the follow…