Skip to main content

MANET Routing Protocols using ns3


Download the Code here:

Check the Video for Detailed instruction and how to use the plots, graphs and source code.

Comparison of MANET routing Protocols 1. AODV
3. DSR
using NS3 (Network Simulator 3)
B.Tech, M.Tech, PhD...
1. Reactive Vs Proactive routing
2. PErformance comparison of MANET protocols
3. AODV Vs DSDV Comparison and also at my channel.

What Version: ns-3.29
My Ubunut OS is: Ubuntu 18.04

This file we are going to use for our simulation:

Once you under stand the code, now lets run this example

Step 1: Copy the above file in to ~ns-3.29/scratch/ folder

Step 2: Understand this code.
Step 3: Run this code
Open the terminal, Go to ns-3.29 and run the following command

$] ./waf --run scratch/manet-routing-compare

enable the following header file

#include "ns3/flo…

Ant Colony Algorithm (antnet) in NS-2.35

The source code of antnet is taken from this website. If anyone claims as the owner of this software, let me know so that I will give credits to him/her.

(NB: This topic does not have any relevance to me and I have just reproduced what was available in the above website). And of Course, corrected some bugs. 

Important: These codes will work well with fresh installation of ns-allinone-2.35. If you have already compiled any other simulation in ns-2.35, kindly take a back up before you proceed.

These are the files to be modified. Download the entire folder here
rtable.txt (This file is created for my network with 2 nodes)
simpleant.tcl (This is the tcl file can be copied anywhere)
antnet_281_29.tar.gz (this will be original algorithm) 

Step 1: Download all the files

Step 2: Copy each file to the original location as given above (One main problem when you copy paste from the web is, some symbols like -, ", ->,_, are formatted automatically for web standards, but C programming or any programming language accepts only ASCII Codes. So whenever you copy paste codes in C programming, ensure that all symbols are of ASCII.  Else the compiler may throw as \364, etc stray program error.
(So all the codes that you download from my link are ASCII complaint codes, Yes I have modified, You can compile the codes with minimal effort)

Step 3: Unzip the antnet_281_29.tar.gz and paste the antnet/ folder to ..ns-2.35/
(This will be main algorithm, Open the code and understand)

Step 4: Open the Terminal and go to ns-2.35  (in my case it is /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35/)
$]  cd /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35/
$] ./configure 
$] make clean  (This command may be used if you have any problem in creating the .o files)
$] make 

Step 5: Run the simpleant.tcl using
$] ns simpleant.tcl 
This will create three files,
rtable.txt (The routing table of all the nodes)
simple.nam ( A network animation file)
simple.out (A Trace file)

Here is the sample output
contents of rtable.txt
Routing table at node 0
dest next phvalue
1 1 1.000000
2 1 1.000000
3 1 1.000000
4 1 1.000000
5 1 1.000000
6 1 1.000000
7 1 1.000000
8 1 1.000000
9 1 1.000000

Routing table at node 1
dest next phvalue
0 0 1.000000
2 0 1.000000
3 0 1.000000
4 0 1.000000
5 0 1.000000
6 0 1.000000
7 0 1.000000
8 0 1.000000
9 0 1.000000

Contents of Simple.out (First Few lines of the the Trace file)
+ 1 0 1 Ant 27 ------- 0 0.0 1.0 -1 8
- 1 0 1 Ant 27 ------- 0 0.0 1.0 -1 8
+ 1 1 0 Ant 27 ------- 0 1.0 0.0 -1 8
- 1 1 0 Ant 27 ------- 0 1.0 0.0 -1 8
+ 1.03 0 1 Ant 27 ------- 0 0.0 1.0 -1 3
- 1.03 0 1 Ant 27 ------- 0 0.0 1.0 -1 3
+ 1.03 1 0 Ant 27 ------- 0 1.0 0.0 -1 6
- 1.03 1 0 Ant 27 ------- 0 1.0 0.0 -1 6
T S Pradeep Kumar


  1. furqan@furqan-Inspiron-5567:~/Desktop/ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35$ sudo ns simpleant.tcl
    invalid command name "Agent/Antnet"
    while executing
    "Agent/Antnet create _o36 _o10"
    invoked from within
    "catch "$className create $o $args" msg"
    invoked from within
    "if [catch "$className create $o $args" msg] {
    if [string match "__FAILED_SHADOW_OBJECT_" $msg] {
    delete $o
    return ""
    global errorInfo
    error "class $..."
    (procedure "new" line 3)
    invoked from within
    "new Agent/Antnet $n0"
    invoked from within
    "set nn0 [new Agent/Antnet $n0]"
    (file "simpleant.tcl" line 27)

  2. Good Afternoon Sir,
    can you explain PSO and GSA for channel assignment in wireless mesh networks

  3. Hi Pradeep i am facing problem when i use "make" command.
    the problem is on terminal i get "undefined reference to 'hdr_ant_pkt::offset_'".
    Kindly need your feedback that why i am facing this failure?


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Routing in VANETs using ns3

Part 1
WAVE - Wireless Access for Vehicular environments. It might take more than an hour. The readers are requested to be patient. SUMO, VANETs, routing comparison 1. Explain the full source code (1550 lines of code) 2. Creating a real scenario using osm (Open Street Map Web Wizard) 3. Performance analysis for various vanet protocols. Location of the source code /home/pradeepkumar/ns-allinone-3.27/ns-3.27/src/wave/examples
Move this file to the scratch/ for inclusion of all modules. Step 1: Explanation of source code. Copy the file to scratch folder. This is just Part 1 of the VANET comparison

Part 2 Please watch the First Part before watching this video
Part 2 - Analysis of the results.
Please go through the first video (Part 1) and then watch this video (PArt 2)
#VANETs #NS3 #Routing
1. SUMO for web traffic ( 2. Convert this into mobility.tcl file and t…

ns3 installation in Ubuntu 16.04

This post serves the installation instructions of ns3 in ubuntu 16.04 version. Some of my students are working in ns3, this post will benefit them in installing ns3.

OS Used: Ubuntu 16.04.4
ns3 version: ns3 version 3.27

The same procedure will be applied for OS like Debian, Linux Mint.

Fresh installation of Ubuntu 16.04 Let you try the fresh installation of ubuntu in your hard disk along with windows.
Installation of ns3 dependencies ns3 needs so many dependencies, developmental libraries, drivers, etc. so install all those
$] sudo apt update  $] sudo apt upgrade
$] sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev python-pygoocanvas python-pygraphviz cvs mercurial bzr git cmake p7zip-full python-matplotlib python-tk python-dev python-kiwi python-gnome2 python-gnome2-desktop-dev python-rsvg qt4-dev-tools qt4-qmake qt4-qmake qt4-default gnuplot-x11 wireshark
The above command make take some time to download, compile and install it, Be Patient. 
Installing ns3 Download the…

TORA Protocol in NS-2.35 (NS2)

This post tells you how to enable the TORA (Temporally ordered routing Algorithm) protocol in Network Simulator 2 (ns-2.35)

TORA is a protocol in wireless adhoc networks that works with timing parameters. NS-2.35 comes with the TORA protocol by default but it has to be tweaked manually to make it run.
This post will help you to do that.

You can watch this video for detailed instructions:

Step 1: Generate a Scenario for TORA protoco using NS2 Scenario Generator NSG Software.
We have created a tcl file using NSG2.1.jar

$] java -jar NSG2.1.jar

Three files have to be modified
~ns-2.35/tora/ There are various websites that tells you how to configure TORA by making changes to the above three files.  Change 1: tora.h In the tora.h file, go to the end of the File before the agent completes, include these two lines

#include <classifier/classifier-port.h>
protected: PortClassifier *dmux_;

Change 2: Open the and include the follow…