Skip to main content

Installing ns-3.37 and ns-3.35 in Ubuntu | Ubuntu 22.04 | NS3

Multiple Versions of ns3 in Ubuntu 22.04 In this post, we are going to install two versions of ns3 namely ns-3.35 and ns-3.37  My OS is : Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (Long Term Support) ns-3.35 uses waf and (./waf --run scratch/first)  ns-3.37 uses cmake  (./ns3 run scratch/first.cc) So we will install both the packages  Go through the video for complete instructions To start with  $ sudo apt update  $ sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev g++ python3 python3-dev pkg-config sqlite3 cmake python3-setuptools git qtbase5-dev qtchooser qt5-qmake qtbase5-dev-tools gir1.2-goocanvas-2.0 python3-gi python3-gi-cairo python3-pygraphviz gir1.2-gtk-3.0 ipython3 openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev autoconf cvs bzr unrar gsl-bin libgsl-dev libgslcblas0 wireshark tcpdump sqlite sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev  libxml2 libxml2-dev libc6-dev libc6-dev-i386 libclang-dev llvm-dev automake python3-pip libxml2 libxml2-dev libboost-all-dev  I have downloaded both the versions of ns3 fr

System Calls

System calls provides a layer between hardware and the user space.

  • Provides abstracted hardware interface for user space
  • system calls ensure security and stability
  • single common layer between user space and rest of the system

System calls usually accessed via function calls.

for example

  1. call to the printf () function   //through a function call
  2. Access to the C library functions
  3. access the kernel and execute the write() function to write on to the screen
  • System calls returns a long variable for success, negative value indicates error
  • Each system call is assigned a syscall number defined in sys_call_table in entry.S
  • system calls are faster than many other operating systems

Example System Calls

//Example1

asmlinkage long sys_getpid)

{

return current->tgid;

}

Pause:

Interrupts the execution of the program until the process is reactivated by a signal.

asmlinkage int sys_pause(void)

{

current-> state = TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE;

schedule();

return ERESTARTNOHAND;

}

Complex System Calls

fork()

The fork() function shall create a new process. The new process (child process) shall be an exact copy of the calling process (parent process) except as detailed below.

SYNTAX:

#include <unistd.h>

pid_t fork(void);

  • The child process shall have a unique process ID.
  • The child process shall have a different parent process ID, which shall be the process ID of the calling process.
  • The child process shall have its own copy of the parent's file descriptors. Each of the child's file descriptors shall refer to the same open file description with the corresponding file descriptor of the parent.

vfork()

create new process; share virtual memory

#include <unistd.h>

pid_t vfork(void);

The vfork() function has the same effect as fork(), except that the behavior is undefined if the process created by vfork() either modifies any data other than a variable of type pid_t used to store the return value from vfork(), or returns from the function in which vfork() was called, or calls any other function before successfully calling exit() or one of the exec family of functions.

clone()

clone() is a system call on the Linux kernel related to multithreading works similar like fork() but shares the information with the calling process.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04

Installation of NS2 (ns-2.35) in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Step 1: Install the basic libraries like      $] sudo apt install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev Step 2: install gcc-4.8 and g++-4.8 open the file using sudo mode $] sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list Include the following line deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic main universe $] sudo apt update $] sudo apt install gcc-4.8 g++-4.8 Step 3:  Unzip the ns2 packages to home folder $] tar zxvf ns-allinone-2.35.tar.gz $] cd ns-allinone-2.35/ns-2.35 Modify the following make files. ~ns-2.35/Makefile.in Change @CC@ to gcc-4.8 change @CXX@ to g++-4.8 ~nam-1.15/Makefile.in ~xgraph-12.2/Makefile.in ~otcl-1.14/Makefile.in Change in all places  @CC@ to gcc-4.8 @CPP@ or @CXX@ to g++-4.8 open the file: ~ns-2.35/linkstate/ls.h Change at the Line no 137  void eraseAll() { erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } to This void eraseAll() { this->erase(baseMap::begin(), baseMap::end()); } All changes made Step 4: Open a new termi

Installing ns3 in Ubuntu 22.04 | Complete Instructions

In this post, we are going to see how to install ns-3.36.1 in Ubuntu 22.04. You can follow the video for complete details Tools used in this simulation: NS3 version ns-3.36.1  OS Used: Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Installation of NS3 (ns-3.36.1) There are some changes in the ns3 installation procedure and the dependencies. So open a terminal and issue the following commands Step 1:  Prerequisites $ sudo apt update In the following packages, all the required dependencies are taken care and you can install all these packages for the complete use of ns3. $ sudo apt install g++ python3 python3-dev pkg-config sqlite3 cmake python3-setuptools git qtbase5-dev qtchooser qt5-qmake qtbase5-dev-tools gir1.2-goocanvas-2.0 python3-gi python3-gi-cairo python3-pygraphviz gir1.2-gtk-3.0 ipython3 openmpi-bin openmpi-common openmpi-doc libopenmpi-dev autoconf cvs bzr unrar gsl-bin libgsl-dev libgslcblas0 wireshark tcpdump sqlite sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev  libxml2 libxml2-dev libc6-dev libc6-dev-i386 libclang-dev llvm-

VPL Jail Server Installation | Virtual Programming Laboratory with Moodle

Virtual Programming Laboratory (VPL)  This post tells you how to install VPL Jail Server Installation in Ubuntu 20.04 and how to configure it using Moodle Learning Management System. VPL - Virtual Programming Laboratory  For full installation with complete description, follow the video What is VPL? VPL is Virtual Programming Laboratory which is a tool for programming assignments, evaluation and running of programs. The programming languages supported by VPL is C, C++, Java, Python, Perl, PHP, NodeJS, Verilog, etc. Step 1 - Install  VPN Jail Server Installation  My Server configuration  16GB RAM and 16 Core PRocessor (Intel Xeon)  Virtual Machine  Ubuntu 20.04 (64 bit OS). To download the softwares  https://vpl.dis.ulpgc.es/index.php/home/download  Unzip or untar the above file in the home folder (in my case it is /home/tspradeepkumar/ ) $ cd vpl-jail-system-2.7.2/ $ sudo ./install-vpl-sh VPL Jail Server Installation This will take some time based on your internet connection: To Star